Music of Australia

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Music of Australia

Post by kosovohp on Sat Oct 02, 2010 12:17 pm

The Australian cinema industry began with the 1906 release of The Story of the Kelly Gang, which is regarded as being the world's first feature-length film,[263] but both Australian feature film production and the distribution of British-made features declined dramatically after World War I as American studios and distributors monopolised the industry[264] and by the 1930s around 95% of the feature films screened in Australia were produced in Hollywood. By the late 1950s feature film production in Australia had effectively ceased and there were no all-Australian feature films made in the decade between 1959 and 1969.[265]

Thanks to initiatives by the Gorton and Whitlam federal governments, the New Wave of Australian cinema of the 1970s brought provocative and successful films, some exploring the nation's colonial past, such as Picnic at Hanging Rock and Breaker Morant,[266] while the so-called "Ocker" genre produced several highly successful urban-based comedy features including The Adventures of Barry MacKenzie and Alvin Purple.[267][268][269] Later hits included Mad Max and Gallipoli.[270][271] More recent successes included Shine and Rabbit-Proof Fence.[272][273] Notable Australian actors include Judith Anderson,[274] Errol Flynn,[275] Nicole Kidman, Hugh Jackman, Heath Ledger, Geoffrey Rush, Sam Worthington and current joint director of the Sydney Theatre Company, Cate Blanchett.[276][277]

Australian literature has also been influenced by the landscape; the works of writers such as Banjo Paterson, Henry Lawson, and Dorothea Mackellar captured the experience of the Australian bush.[278] The character of the nation's colonial past, as represented in early literature, is popular with modern Australians.[233] In 1973, Patrick White was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature,[279] the first Australian to have achieved this.[280] Australian winners of the Man Booker Prize have included Peter Carey and Thomas Keneally;[281] David Williamson, and David Malouf are also renowned writers,[282] and Les Murray is regarded as "one of the leading poets of his generation".

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